This is the second time president Mahinda Rajapaksa has visited the Vatican, but it's his first visit after the end of the civil war, which struck from 1983 to 2009.
The president explained some of the measures being implemented to improve 'social development and reconciliation' in the country.
Once again, the Pope asked him to address the 'legitimate aspirations of all parties'.
The president visited the Vatican accompanied by his Catholic wife. As a gift, he gave the Pope a vase with spices from Sri Lanka, and another vase made of silver.