"The effectiveness of commitment to peace depends on the concept that the world has of human life. If we want peace, we must defend life. This logic not only disqualifies war and terrorist acts but also any attempt on the life of the human being, a creature loved by God. The indifference or denial of what constitutes the true nature of man does not respect this grammar is the natural law inscribed on the human heart."
Benedict XVI also noted that to achieve the development of peaceful societies, there must be education toward peace, in creating a culture that respects a difference of opinion, but without falling into verbal and physical violence.
"The task of education is to guide the maturation of the ability to make choices free and fair, that may go against prevailing opinions, fashions, political and religious ideologies. This is the price of the development of a culture of peace. Obviously, we must banish verbal or physical violence. This is always an attack on human dignity, both culprit and victim."
Benedict XVI explained that evil is not an abstraction, but rather the result of human freedom that rejects God first, violating the first commandment, and then attacks the second, injuring the person. That's why the Pope highlighted the role of believers from different faiths.
"Believers today have an essential role of witness to the peace that comes from God and is a gift that is given to all the personal, family, social, political and economic life. You can not allow that evil to triumph by the passivity of good men. It would be worse to do nothing."
He was well received in this meeting with civil and religious authorities, which was the most representative of his visit to Lebanon. The pope then called for fostering a culture of peace and defense of human dignity and safeguarding cultural differences.