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Pope Francis

These are the names of the 17 new cardinals the pope appointed at the consistory

November 19, 2016. 13 of them are under the age of 80, and thus able to vote in a hypothetical conclave, and four of them are non-electors.
Vatican

Vatican congratulates Trump and hopes his time in office "can truly be fruitful"

November 9, 2016. While speaking to Vatican Radio, Cardinal Pietro Parolin, the Vatican Secretary of State, congratulated the new president and hoped that his government "can truly be fruitful."
Vatican

Vatican strongly reacts to episcopal ordinations in China made without pope's permission

November 7, 2016. "In recent weeks, there has been a series of reports regarding some episcopal ordinations conferred without Papal Mandate of priests of the unofficial community of the Catholic Church in Continental China,” explains the Vatican in a letter signed by the Director of the Holy See Press Office, Greg Burke.

Evolution of white and black smoke for conclave down to chemical mixture

2013-03-13

Black smoke means no election has been made, while the white smoke is the sign that the Church has a new Pope. For this upcoming conclave, there will be two stoves.

FR. FEDERICO LOMBARDI
Vatican Spokesperson

"One is to truly burn the ballots and the other to send the some that is seen outside. Because as you can imagine, if the smoke were only from the burning ballots themselves, it would not be enough.”

What is used instead is two chemical mixtures. One is designed to send up white smoke up the chimney, while the other sends it black. But often times, the smoke instead ends up a greyish color.
For past conclaves, before the use of chemical mixtures, the burned ballots alone would produce the black smoke. To have it turn white, the cardinals would use hay.

But with the attention of the world's media zeroed in on the chimney smoke, Vatican officials recognize newer methods are needed to send stronger, clearer signals on the next Pope's elections. During the last conclave, they used bells that rang across St. Peter's Square.


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