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Pope Francis

Pope Francis: No people is criminal and no religion is terrorist

February 17, 2017. Pope Francis has sent an important message to the Meetings of Popular Movements that is taking place in Modesto (California). The pope denounces the "moral blindness of this indifference”: "under the guise of what is politically correct or ideologically fashionable, one looks at those who suffer without touching them. But they are televised live; they are talked about in euphemisms and with apparent tolerance, but nothing is done systematically to heal the social wounds or to confront the structures that leave so many brothers and sisters by the wayside”.
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The government of the Order of Malta will elect the successor of the Grand Master in April

February 15, 2017. On April 29, the Council Complete of State, the Order’s constitutional body, will elect the next Grand Master of the Sovereign Order of Malta (or, as provided for in the Constitution, a Lieutenant of the Grand Master, to hold office for a year).
Pope Francis

Pope names a Special Envoy for Medjugorje

< style> February 11, 2017. Pope Francis has asked Henryk Hoser, S.A.C., bishop of Warsaw-Prague (Poland), to go to Medjugorje as Special Envoy of the Holy See. According< g> the Vatican, "the mission has the aim of acquiring a deeper knowledge of the pastoral situation there and above all, of the needs of the faithful who go there in pilgrimage, and on the basis of this, to suggest possible pastoral initiatives for the future”.

Evolution of white and black smoke for conclave down to chemical mixture

2013-03-13

Black smoke means no election has been made, while the white smoke is the sign that the Church has a new Pope. For this upcoming conclave, there will be two stoves.

FR. FEDERICO LOMBARDI
Vatican Spokesperson

"One is to truly burn the ballots and the other to send the some that is seen outside. Because as you can imagine, if the smoke were only from the burning ballots themselves, it would not be enough.”

What is used instead is two chemical mixtures. One is designed to send up white smoke up the chimney, while the other sends it black. But often times, the smoke instead ends up a greyish color.
For past conclaves, before the use of chemical mixtures, the burned ballots alone would produce the black smoke. To have it turn white, the cardinals would use hay.

But with the attention of the world's media zeroed in on the chimney smoke, Vatican officials recognize newer methods are needed to send stronger, clearer signals on the next Pope's elections. During the last conclave, they used bells that rang across St. Peter's Square.


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