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Pope Francis

Pope sends condolences and solidarity to Cairo after bus attack

May 26, 2017. Secretary of State, Pietro Parolin, wrote a letter to His Excellency Abdel Fattah Al Sisi after the bus attack Friday in Cairo, which left close to 30 Coptic Christians dead, including children, and many others injured.
Pope Francis

Pope sends condolences to Manchester after attack

May 23, 2017. After the deadly terrorist attack at Victoria Station in Manchester, England, the pope has sent his condolences to the victims and their families.

Evolution of white and black smoke for conclave down to chemical mixture

2013-03-13

Black smoke means no election has been made, while the white smoke is the sign that the Church has a new Pope. For this upcoming conclave, there will be two stoves.

FR. FEDERICO LOMBARDI
Vatican Spokesperson

"One is to truly burn the ballots and the other to send the some that is seen outside. Because as you can imagine, if the smoke were only from the burning ballots themselves, it would not be enough.”

What is used instead is two chemical mixtures. One is designed to send up white smoke up the chimney, while the other sends it black. But often times, the smoke instead ends up a greyish color.
For past conclaves, before the use of chemical mixtures, the burned ballots alone would produce the black smoke. To have it turn white, the cardinals would use hay.

But with the attention of the world's media zeroed in on the chimney smoke, Vatican officials recognize newer methods are needed to send stronger, clearer signals on the next Pope's elections. During the last conclave, they used bells that rang across St. Peter's Square.


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CTV
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