In 1992, John Paul II appointed him titular bishop of Auca. Then in 1997, he was appointed archbishop of Buenos Aires and was made a cardinal in 2001. He is a member of the Pontifical Council for the Family and also of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America.
He has written several books including "Meditations for religious” and "Reflections of Hope.”
Although he was not among 'papabili' at the start of this first conclave, back in 2005 he was among the main candidates. Nearly 8 years later, he emerged as Pope.
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