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Vaticaleaks-2: Court charged five people for “procuring and revealing” confidential material
November 21, 2015. A Vatican Court formally charged a pair of journalists, two officials, and a secretary to one of the officials for "procuring and revealing” confidential documents and information. They are Gianluigi Nuzzi and Emiliano Fittipaldi, -who recently wrote books regarding mismanagement in the Vatican-, as well as the Msgr. Lucio Ángel Vallejo Balda, Francesca Chaouqui and Vallejo’s secretary, Nicola Maio. While all five are charged with criminal misappropriation and misuse of Vatican confidential documents; Vallejo, Chaouqui, and Maio, are charged with criminal conspiracy "to divulge information and documents concerning the fundamental interests of the Holy See and the State”. A hearing has been scheduled for next November 24th, 2015 in the Vatican criminal court.
New archbishop in Barcelona (Spain)
November 6, 2015. Pope Francis has accepted the resignation of Cardinal Lluís Martínez Sistach as Archbishop of Barcelona (Spain). He has named Monsignor Juan Jose Omella in his place. He was until now Bishop of the Diocese of Calahorra and La Calzada-Logroño.
Vatican arrests two people for allegedly leaking confidential documents
November 2, 2015. The Vatican Police have arrested two people, reportedly linked to the leak of confidential Holy See documents. They are: Msgr. Lucio Angel Vallejo Balda and Francesca Chaouqui, both of whom were members of COSEA, which stands for the Pontifical Commission for Reference on the Organization of the Economic Administrative Structure of the Holy See. After her arrest, Francesca Chaouqui was released, after giving her testimony to the Vaticans District Attorneys office. But Msgr. Vallejo Balda is still in custody. He is accused of leaking secret Vatican documents. His arrest comes just days before the release of a book which allegedly contains private conversations between the Pope and COSEA officials. The Holy See describes the release and publication of the documents as a violation of the Popes trust. The Vatican continues to investigate the source of the document leaks. It also adds that if needed, it will seek the assistance of international entities to clarity the allegations. The Vatican also adds that leaking documents in no way helps the mission of the Church or that of the Pope.
Vatican sends condolences to Putin and Russian people after plane crash
November 2, 2015. Cardinal Pietro Parolin, the Vatican Secretary of State, has sent a telegram on behalf of Pope Francis to Russian President Vladimir Putin. He offers his condolences for the recent plane crash in which more than 200 Russians died. The full text is here: Having learned with sadness of the tragic crash of the Russian airline in the Sinai Peninsula, His Holiness Pope Francis conveys his condolences to you and the Russian people. He offers the assurance of his prayers for all who have died and for those who mourn their loss. Upon the nation and all involved in the recovery efforts His Holiness invokes the strength and peace of Almighty God.

A look at St. Pius X's legacy: From reforms to World War I


The night of August 20th 1914,  Pope Pius X passed away. From the start, his pontificate had its challenges. He was the first Pope after the fall of the Papal States and he saw the threat of World War I become a reality. 

He also had to deal with more practical matters of governance, like the reform of the Roman Curia

President, Pontifical Committee of Historical Sciences 
"Reforming the Roman Curia is something he has in common with Pope Francis. When Pius X was elected, the Roman Curia was running under the rules that had been established in 1588 by Pope Sixtus V.” 

Back then a Pope wasn't elected based solely on the Cardinals vote. Outsiders, like royalty and the influential laity also had a say. 

President, Pontifical Committee of Historical Sciences  
"Pope Pius X was elected, but really Cardinal Rampolla received the most votes. He didn't end up being Pope, because the Archbishop of Krakow used the veto vote of Austria's Emperor. That was the last time a secular power intervened in a conclave. The year after his election, Pius X abolished that rule under the threat of excommunication. From then on, only cardinals could vote.” 

The Pope also changed the order in which the Sacraments are received. Pius X decided that Communion should be received before one goes to Confirmation. It's something that still stands to this day. 

In his 11 year pontificate, he carried out key reforms in the Church. In the last months of his life, he witnessed the violence and destruction of World War I. 

President, Pontifical Committee of Historical Sciences  
"Everyone thought they would win the war. So soldiers thought they would soon be back at home with their families. In a way, you could say the Pope died of grief between the night of the 20th and the 21st of August back in 1914, just three weeks after World War I started. He knew there would be slaughter.” 

Pius X was named Giuseppe Sarto. He was born in northern Italy in 1835.  He was the 257th Pope of the Church. He was beatified in 1951 and canonized 40 years after his death,  in 1954. 

up: PM