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New Eparchy and new Exarchate in India
March 26, 2015. The Pope has created the Eparchy of St. John Chrysostom in Gurgaon of the Syro-Malankara Church (India). He has also appointed its first bishop, Jacob Barnabas Aerath. Additionally, Pope Francis created the new Apostolic Exarchate of St. Ephrem of Khadki of the Syro-Malankara Church (India). He appointed the first Exarch, Bishop Thomas Mar Anthonios Valiyavilayil.
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New bishop in Ecuador
March 24, 2015. Pope Francis appointed Victor Bertram Wick Enzler to be bishop of Santo Domingo (Ecuador). Until now, he served as auxiliary bishop of Guayaquil, also in Ecuador.
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Pope accepts the resignation of Cardinal O'Brien
March 20, 2015. The Pope has accepted the resignation of "the rights and prerogatives of the cardinal" from Cardinal Keith Michael Patrick O'Brien, Archbishop Emeritus of Edinburgh.
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Pope Francis offers condolences for attack in Tunisia
March 19, 2015. Through the Vatican Secretary of State, Pope Francis expressed his condolences over yesterday's attack in Tunisia. In a telegram sent to Bishop Ilario Antoniazzi, Archbishop of Tunis, the Pope condemned "acts against peace and sacredness of human life." He also expressed his closeness "to all those affected by this tragedy and the Tunisian people subjected to this test." The Pope further asked God "to take the dead into his peace and to comfort the wounded."
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New diocese and bishop in Mexico
March 19, 2015. Pope Francis has created a new diocese in Mexico, the Diocese of Nogales. Its first bishop is Msgr. José Leopoldo González González. He was until now the the auxiliary bishop for the Diocese of Guadalajara. The new diocese comes from part of the current Archdiocese of Hermosillo. The Pope also named a new bishop in the Czech Republic. Msgr. Vlastimil Kročil is now bishop of the Disocese of České Budějovice.
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New nuncio in Havana
March 17, 2015. Pope Francis has named Giorgio Lingua nuncio of Havana. He is Italian and until now was the Pope's nuncio in Iraq and Jordan.
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New bishops in Spokane and Lexington (USA)
March 12, 2015. Pope Francis has named Franciscan Fr. John Stowe, 48, Bishop of Lexington, Kentucky (USA). 54-year-old San Jose Auxiliary Bishop Tom Daly has been appointed Bishop of Spokane, Washington (USA).
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Rome Reports will relive the excitement of the Conclave on Twitter
March 11, 2015. To commemorate the two year anniversary of Pope Francis' election, Rome Reports will relive the excitement on March 12 and 13. 

Follow @romereports on Twitter for real-time highlights from the 2013 Conclave.
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IOR appoints new Vice Director
March 6, 2015. Gianfranco Mammi has been appointed as Deputy-Director "with immediate effect for an indefinite term”. According a press release, "the appointment has been approved by the IOR Supervisory Commission of Cardinals and the regulator AIF”.
 
Gianfranco Mammi (59) has started his career at the IOR in 1992 at the cashier desk. Most recently he served as Head of Purchasing Office.

Rolando Marranci has been confirmed as Director General.
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New Archbishop of Sens and the Mission of France
March 5, 2015. Pope Francis accepted the resignation of Yves Patenôtre, and has appointed Hervé Giraud as Archbishop of Sens (France) and the territorial prelature of the Mission of France.
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New Nuncio in Honduras
March 5, 2015. The Pope appointed Novatus Rugambwa to be Nuncio in Honduras. Until now, he was Nuncio in Angola and the Republic of São Tomé and Principe.
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New Bishops in Mexico and Brazil
March 4, 2015. The Pope has accepted the resignation of Francisco Ramirez Navarro, the Auxiliary Bishop of Tlalnepantla (Mexico). He has appointed in his place Cuapio Jorge Bautista, of the diocese of Texcoco.

In Brazil, Francisco Joaquim Wladimir was appointed Bishop of Colatina Lopes.
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New Bishop in San Diego (United States)
March 3, 2015. Pope Francis has appointed Aux. Bishop Robert McElroy of San Francisco to head the Diocese of San Diego. McElroy is 61.
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New bishop in San Andrés Tuxtla (Mexico)
March 2, 2015. The Pope has appointed Fidencio Lopez Plaza, a priest from the diocese of Querétaro, to be the new Bishop of San Andrés. 
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Appointments
February 27, 2015. Pope Francis has named Msgr. Charles Jude Scicluna as the new Metropolitan Archbishop of Malta. Up until now, he had served as the Bishop of San Leone and as the Apostolic Administrator of the Diocese of Malta. 

Vatican marks centennial of Pius X's death with 'day of study' on saintly Pope

2014-06-10

Months after World War I started, Pius X lost his own battle. Nearly 100 years later, the Vatican will mark this anniversary with a 'day of study' on the Italian Pope. 

He's mostly remembered as a conservative Pope that condemned modernist interpretations of Church doctrine. But paradoxically, Pius X paved the way for a more modern papacy.

PROF. ALEJANDRO MARIO DIEGUEZ
Vatican Secret Archives
"There was great confusion and a great overlap of competences. So he wanted to simplify, and, above all, guarantee truthful answers in a speedy manner.”

FR. BERNARD ARDURA
President, Pontifical Committee for Historical Sciences 
"Everybody knows that St. Pius X made mortal enemies with this reform. And these are things that form part of common experience.”

But his election as Pope in August 3, 1903 was the result of a technicality. Up until that time, the monarchs from Spain, France and Austria-Hungary, could veto specific candidates.

During the 1903 conclave, Sicilian Cardinal Mariano Rampolla was on track for the papacy. But after the Austro-Hungarian emperor used his veto, Card. Giuseppe Sarto, then Patriarch of Venice, surged, despite his objections.

PROF. ALEJANDRO MARIO DIEGUEZ
Vatican Secret Archives
"He had gathered a few votes, and even petitions, but he had obviously refused. Unfortunately for him, he saw how in the end the number of votes for him grew bit by bit.”

The year after his election, Pius X outlawed the clause that gave lay powers influence over the conclave, leaving behind the format used today. 

In pastoral matters, he opted for simplicity and approachability, outlawing the practice of Popes eating alone, and leaving aside strict Vatican etiquette.

FR. BERNARD ARDURA
President, Pontifical Committee for Historical Sciences 
"He moved to the apartment on the third loggia. That's where we're used to seeing the Pope for the Angelus. So he was the first Pope to leave the Pontifical Apartments.”

That move signaled a slight change in attitude between the Vatican and Italy, after the fall of the Papal States. Today, the old apartment is used to welcome visitors, including official state visits. 

The Vatican's day of study will take take place June 12, at the Pius X Hall. Participants will analyze the Pope's influence in modern Catholicism. The day will end with the presentation of a book summarizing the Pope's work. 


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