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New auxiliary bishops in Brooklyn (USA)
May 19, 2015. Pope Francis has named James Massa and Witold Mroziewski, who is Polish, auxiliary bishops of Brooklyn (USA). The area has about 4.8 million residents, and 1.5 million are Catholic.
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Oscar Romero becomes patron of Caritas Internationalis

May 18, 2015. Msgr. Oscar Romero was adopted as a patron of Caritas Internationalis, according to an announcement that came just after the organization's General Assembly in Rome ended. The former Archbishop of San Salvador will be beatified on May 23, more than 35 years after he was assassinated while performing Mass.

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Appointments
May 15, 2015. Pope Francis has appointed Domenico Pompili as the new Bishop of Rieti, Italy. He will take the post previously held by Bishop Delio Lucarelli.
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Appointments
May 11, 2015. Pope Francis has nominated Fr. Jorge Enrique Izaguirre Rafael as the New Bishop of Chuquibamba, Peru. He will take over the post previously held by Msgr. Mario Busquets Jordá. 
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New bishops in Brazil, Spain and the Democratic Republic of Congo
May 6, 2015. The Pope has appointed Tarcísio Scaramussa, to be the Bishop of Santos (Brazil). Until now, the position was held by Jacyr Francisco Braido. Also in Brazil, the Pope has appointed Edson de Castro Homem to be the Bishop of the Diocese of Iguatu and Agenor Girardi to be Bishop of the Diocese of Uniao da Vitoria.

The Vatican also announced that the Pope has appointed Manuel Sánchez Monge bishop of the Diocese of Santander (Spain). Emery Kibal Mansong'loo will become the Bishop of Kule (Democratic Republic of Congo).

Further, there is a new Vicar Apostolic of Bontoc-Lagawe (Philippines) and two new members of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, the Archbishop of Dijon Roland Minnerath and Anthony Colin Fisher, Archbishop of Sydney.
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Raúl Castro to meet with Pope
May 6, 2015. Cuban President Raúl Castro will meet privately with Pope Francis on Sunday morning, May 10. Vatican spokesman Father Federico Lombardi  said, "President Raúl Castro has publicly thanked the Pope for his role in fostering the rapprochement between Cuba and the United States of America."

A look at St. Pius X's legacy: From reforms to World War I

2014-08-21

The night of August 20th 1914,  Pope Pius X passed away. From the start, his pontificate had its challenges. He was the first Pope after the fall of the Papal States and he saw the threat of World War I become a reality. 

He also had to deal with more practical matters of governance, like the reform of the Roman Curia

FR. BERNARD  ARDURA 
President, Pontifical Committee of Historical Sciences 
"Reforming the Roman Curia is something he has in common with Pope Francis. When Pius X was elected, the Roman Curia was running under the rules that had been established in 1588 by Pope Sixtus V.” 

Back then a Pope wasn't elected based solely on the Cardinals vote. Outsiders, like royalty and the influential laity also had a say. 

FR. BERNARD  ARDURA 
President, Pontifical Committee of Historical Sciences  
"Pope Pius X was elected, but really Cardinal Rampolla received the most votes. He didn't end up being Pope, because the Archbishop of Krakow used the veto vote of Austria's Emperor. That was the last time a secular power intervened in a conclave. The year after his election, Pius X abolished that rule under the threat of excommunication. From then on, only cardinals could vote.” 

The Pope also changed the order in which the Sacraments are received. Pius X decided that Communion should be received before one goes to Confirmation. It's something that still stands to this day. 

In his 11 year pontificate, he carried out key reforms in the Church. In the last months of his life, he witnessed the violence and destruction of World War I. 

FR. BERNARD  ARDURA 
President, Pontifical Committee of Historical Sciences  
"Everyone thought they would win the war. So soldiers thought they would soon be back at home with their families. In a way, you could say the Pope died of grief between the night of the 20th and the 21st of August back in 1914, just three weeks after World War I started. He knew there would be slaughter.” 

Pius X was named Giuseppe Sarto. He was born in northern Italy in 1835.  He was the 257th Pope of the Church. He was beatified in 1951 and canonized 40 years after his death,  in 1954. 


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