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New Prefect in the Congregation for Catholic Education
March 31, 2015. Pope Francis has appointed Cardinal Giuseppe Versaldi, as the new Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education. He also also appointed Cardinal Rainer Maria Woelki as a member of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See. 
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New bishop in Mozambique
March 30, 2015. The Pope has appointed Alberto Vera Aréjula, a Spanish missionary, to be Auxiliary Bishop of Xai-Xai in Mozambique.
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New Eparchy and new Exarchate in India
March 26, 2015. The Pope has created the Eparchy of St. John Chrysostom in Gurgaon of the Syro-Malankara Church (India). He has also appointed its first bishop, Jacob Barnabas Aerath. Additionally, Pope Francis created the new Apostolic Exarchate of St. Ephrem of Khadki of the Syro-Malankara Church (India). He appointed the first Exarch, Bishop Thomas Mar Anthonios Valiyavilayil.
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New bishop in Ecuador
March 24, 2015. Pope Francis appointed Victor Bertram Wick Enzler to be bishop of Santo Domingo (Ecuador). Until now, he served as auxiliary bishop of Guayaquil, also in Ecuador.
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Pope accepts the resignation of Cardinal O'Brien
March 20, 2015. The Pope has accepted the resignation of "the rights and prerogatives of the cardinal" from Cardinal Keith Michael Patrick O'Brien, Archbishop Emeritus of Edinburgh.
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Pope Francis offers condolences for attack in Tunisia
March 19, 2015. Through the Vatican Secretary of State, Pope Francis expressed his condolences over yesterday's attack in Tunisia. In a telegram sent to Bishop Ilario Antoniazzi, Archbishop of Tunis, the Pope condemned "acts against peace and sacredness of human life." He also expressed his closeness "to all those affected by this tragedy and the Tunisian people subjected to this test." The Pope further asked God "to take the dead into his peace and to comfort the wounded."
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New diocese and bishop in Mexico
March 19, 2015. Pope Francis has created a new diocese in Mexico, the Diocese of Nogales. Its first bishop is Msgr. José Leopoldo González González. He was until now the the auxiliary bishop for the Diocese of Guadalajara. The new diocese comes from part of the current Archdiocese of Hermosillo. The Pope also named a new bishop in the Czech Republic. Msgr. Vlastimil Kročil is now bishop of the Disocese of České Budějovice.
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New nuncio in Havana
March 17, 2015. Pope Francis has named Giorgio Lingua nuncio of Havana. He is Italian and until now was the Pope's nuncio in Iraq and Jordan.
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New bishops in Spokane and Lexington (USA)
March 12, 2015. Pope Francis has named Franciscan Fr. John Stowe, 48, Bishop of Lexington, Kentucky (USA). 54-year-old San Jose Auxiliary Bishop Tom Daly has been appointed Bishop of Spokane, Washington (USA).
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Rome Reports will relive the excitement of the Conclave on Twitter
March 11, 2015. To commemorate the two year anniversary of Pope Francis' election, Rome Reports will relive the excitement on March 12 and 13. 

Follow @romereports on Twitter for real-time highlights from the 2013 Conclave.
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IOR appoints new Vice Director
March 6, 2015. Gianfranco Mammi has been appointed as Deputy-Director "with immediate effect for an indefinite term”. According a press release, "the appointment has been approved by the IOR Supervisory Commission of Cardinals and the regulator AIF”.
 
Gianfranco Mammi (59) has started his career at the IOR in 1992 at the cashier desk. Most recently he served as Head of Purchasing Office.

Rolando Marranci has been confirmed as Director General.
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New Archbishop of Sens and the Mission of France
March 5, 2015. Pope Francis accepted the resignation of Yves Patenôtre, and has appointed Hervé Giraud as Archbishop of Sens (France) and the territorial prelature of the Mission of France.
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New Nuncio in Honduras
March 5, 2015. The Pope appointed Novatus Rugambwa to be Nuncio in Honduras. Until now, he was Nuncio in Angola and the Republic of São Tomé and Principe.
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New Bishops in Mexico and Brazil
March 4, 2015. The Pope has accepted the resignation of Francisco Ramirez Navarro, the Auxiliary Bishop of Tlalnepantla (Mexico). He has appointed in his place Cuapio Jorge Bautista, of the diocese of Texcoco.

In Brazil, Francisco Joaquim Wladimir was appointed Bishop of Colatina Lopes.
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New Bishop in San Diego (United States)
March 3, 2015. Pope Francis has appointed Aux. Bishop Robert McElroy of San Francisco to head the Diocese of San Diego. McElroy is 61.

A look at St. Pius X's legacy: From reforms to World War I

2014-08-21

The night of August 20th 1914,  Pope Pius X passed away. From the start, his pontificate had its challenges. He was the first Pope after the fall of the Papal States and he saw the threat of World War I become a reality. 

He also had to deal with more practical matters of governance, like the reform of the Roman Curia

FR. BERNARD  ARDURA 
President, Pontifical Committee of Historical Sciences 
"Reforming the Roman Curia is something he has in common with Pope Francis. When Pius X was elected, the Roman Curia was running under the rules that had been established in 1588 by Pope Sixtus V.” 

Back then a Pope wasn't elected based solely on the Cardinals vote. Outsiders, like royalty and the influential laity also had a say. 

FR. BERNARD  ARDURA 
President, Pontifical Committee of Historical Sciences  
"Pope Pius X was elected, but really Cardinal Rampolla received the most votes. He didn't end up being Pope, because the Archbishop of Krakow used the veto vote of Austria's Emperor. That was the last time a secular power intervened in a conclave. The year after his election, Pius X abolished that rule under the threat of excommunication. From then on, only cardinals could vote.” 

The Pope also changed the order in which the Sacraments are received. Pius X decided that Communion should be received before one goes to Confirmation. It's something that still stands to this day. 

In his 11 year pontificate, he carried out key reforms in the Church. In the last months of his life, he witnessed the violence and destruction of World War I. 

FR. BERNARD  ARDURA 
President, Pontifical Committee of Historical Sciences  
"Everyone thought they would win the war. So soldiers thought they would soon be back at home with their families. In a way, you could say the Pope died of grief between the night of the 20th and the 21st of August back in 1914, just three weeks after World War I started. He knew there would be slaughter.” 

Pius X was named Giuseppe Sarto. He was born in northern Italy in 1835.  He was the 257th Pope of the Church. He was beatified in 1951 and canonized 40 years after his death,  in 1954. 


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