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Rome Reports

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Homily of Pope Francis at the Franso Hariri Stadium in Erbil

Saint Paul has told us that “Christ is the power and wisdom of God” (1 Cor 1:22-25). Jesus

revealed that power and wisdom above all by offering forgiveness and showing mercy. He chose to

do so not by displays of strength or by speaking to us from on high, in lengthy and learned

discourses. He did so by giving his life on the cross. He revealed his wisdom and power by

showing us, to the very end, the faithfulness of the Father’s love; the faithfulness of the God of the

covenant, who brought his people forth from slavery and led them on a journey of freedom (cf. Ex


How easy it is to fall into the trap of thinking that we have to show others that we are

powerful or wise, into the trap of fashioning false images of God that can give us security (cf. Ex

20:4-5). Yet the truth is that all of us need the power and wisdom of God revealed by Jesus on the

cross. On Calvary, he offered to the Father the wounds by which alone we are healed (cf. 1 Pet

2:24). Here in Iraq, how many of your brothers and sisters, friends and fellow citizens bear the

wounds of war and violence, wounds both visible and invisible! The temptation is to react to these

and other painful experiences with human power, human wisdom. Instead, Jesus shows us the way

of God, the path that he took, the path on which he calls us to follow him.

In the Gospel reading we have just heard (Jn 2:13-25), we see how Jesus drove out from the

Temple in Jerusalem the moneychangers and all the buyers and sellers. Why did Jesus do

something this forceful and provocative? He did it because the Father sent him to cleanse the

temple: not only the Temple of stone, but above all the temple of our heart. Jesus could not tolerate

his Father’s house becoming a marketplace (cf. Jn 2:16); neither does he want our hearts to be

places of turmoil, disorder and confusion. Our heart must be cleansed, put in order and purified. Of

what? Of the falsehoods that stain it, from hypocritical duplicity. All of us have these. They are

diseases that harm the heart, soil our lives and make them insincere. We need to be cleansed of the

deceptive securities that would barter our faith in God with passing things, with temporary

advantages. We need the baneful temptations of power and money to be swept from our hearts and

from the Church. To cleanse our hearts, we need to dirty our hands, to feel accountable and not to

simply look on as our brothers and sisters are suffering. How do we purify our hearts? By our own

efforts, we cannot; we need Jesus. He has the power to conquer our evils, to heal our diseases, to

rebuild the temple of our heart.

To show this, and as a sign of his authority, Jesus goes on to say: “Destroy this temple, and

in three days I will raise it up” (v. 19). Jesus Christ, he alone, can cleanse us of the works of evil.

Jesus, who died and rose! Jesus, the Lord! Dear brothers and sisters, God does not let us die in our

sins. Even when we turn our backs on him, he never leaves us to our own devices. He seeks us out,

runs after us, to call us to repentance and to cleanse us of our sins. “As I live, says the Lord, I have

no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but that the wicked turn from his way and live” (Ezek

33:11). The Lord wants us to be saved and to become living temples of his love, in fraternity, in

service, in mercy.

Jesus not only cleanses us of our sins, but gives us a share in his own power and wisdom.

He liberates us from the narrow and divisive notions of family, faith and community that divide,

oppose and exclude, so that we can build a Church and a society open to everyone and concerned

for our brothers and sisters in greatest need. At the same time, he strengthens us to resist the

temptation to seek revenge, which only plunges us into a spiral of endless retaliation. In the power

of the Holy Spirit, he sends us forth, not as proselytizers, but as missionary disciples, men and

women called to testify to the life-changing power of the Gospel. The risen Lord makes us

instruments of God’s mercy and peace, patient and courageous artisans of a new social order. In

this way, by the power of Christ and the Holy Spirit, the prophetic words of the Apostle Paul to the

Corinthians are fulfilled: “God’s foolishness is wiser than human wisdom, and God’s wisdom is

stronger than human strength” (1 Cor 1:25). Christian communities made up of simple and lowly

people become a sign of the coming of his kingdom, a kingdom of love, justice and peace.

“Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up” (Jn 2:19). Jesus was speaking

about the temple of his body, and about the Church as well. The Lord promises us that, by the

power of the resurrection, he can raise us, and our communities, from the ruins left by injustice,

division and hatred. That is the promise we celebrate in this Eucharist. With the eyes of faith, we

recognize the presence of the crucified and risen Lord in our midst. And we learn to embrace his

liberating wisdom, to rest in his wounds, and to find healing and strength to serve the coming of his

kingdom in our world. By his wounds, we have been healed (cf. 1 Pet 2:24). In those wounds, dear

brothers and sisters, we find the balm of his merciful love. For he, like the Good Samaritan of

humanity, wants to anoint every hurt, to heal every painful memory and to inspire a future of peace

and fraternity in this land.

The Church in Iraq, by God’s grace, is already doing much to proclaim this wonderful

wisdom of the cross by spreading Christ’s mercy and forgiveness, particularly towards those in

greatest need. Even amid great poverty and difficulty, many of you have generously offered

concrete help and solidarity to the poor and suffering. That is one of the reasons that led me to

come as a pilgrim in your midst, to thank you and to confirm you in your faith and witness. Today,

I can see at first hand that the Church in Iraq is alive, that Christ is alive and at work in this, his holy

and faithful people.

Dear brothers and sisters, I commend you, your families and your communities, to the

maternal protection of the Virgin Mary, who was united to her Son in his passion and death, and

who shared in the joy of his resurrection. May she intercede for us and lead us to Christ, the power

and wisdom of God.