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Rome Reports

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How did Rome influence Pablo Picasso's work?

This is the story of a trip from Paris to Rome. It is the story of a journey between styles, from one way of painting, to another. It is the path Pablo Picasso took when he spent two months in the Eternal City.

MARIO DE SIMONI
Picasso. Between Cubism and Classicism
"It commemorates the centenary of Picasso's first Italian trip, specifically, his period in Rome. It is an important journey that changes Picasso's career and art."

The Spanish artist traveled to Rome from Paris, which was a city almost in the front line of battle in a convulsive war. In Italy, he found peace and also some new ideas that later changed his masterpieces.

MARIO DE SIMONI
Picasso. Between Cubism and Classicism
"He arrived in Rome devoted to Cubism, but returned with a neoclassical and classic form of the great Greek-Roman art that he saw in Italy."

At 36, Picasso was already considered a pioneer of the cubism art movement. Then his friend, Jean Cocteau, convinced him to decorate the Russian Ballets in Rome for the ballet "Parade." The result was this huge fabric, "Curtain for the Ballet 'Parade'."

Together, with the Italian iconographic tradition and Greek-Roman classicism, Picasso also discovered love with an Ukrainian dancer, Olga Khokhlova. She was his first wife, and is portrayed in this work, "Portrait of Olga in the Armchair."

From his Cubist paintings, he began working on these others, which relate to the classical sculptures he found in Italy.

The difference is evident when comparing these two paintings: "Two women running on the beach" and "The Pipes of Pan." They bear witness to the transition in the Spanish genius' work.

Rome, in just a short time, gave Picasso what he needed at that time, which was a real renaissance, and new ideas for a visionary who never ceased to be.